Cristina Camacho's Comments

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At 10:33pm on January 20, 2012, Vinanti Sarkar Castellarin said…

Hi Cristina:

You are invited to join IPCN'a Group VOICES OF WOMEN WORLDWIDE with website at http:/ promoting "voiceless" women, young girls, children, boys and men- who truly believe in gender equality and empowerment. These are ordinary grassroots people doing extraordinary projects in their rural and urban global communities.

VOWW gives "voices to those voiceless" to tell their stories via the Internet on WebTVs, audio/radio and global print media networking ... ignored by mainstream global and international media worldwide ...

Check out our womenvoicesworldwide Channel: VOICES OF WOMEN WORLDWIDE and GlobalDVFilms Channel: CELEBRATING CULTURAL DIVERSITY !

For the New Year 2012 - we are promoting "leadership role models" to inspire young girls and women in career choices, etc., and achieving their highest potentials

We will be videotaping the United Nations UN Women's 56th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (27 February to 9 March 2012) and organizing the VOWW's 1st Global Womens Film Festival. More information is available on request.

At 6:20am on April 12, 2011, shyam tosawad said…
Dear friend
"Vasudev kutukbkam" entire world is a family, this was a teaching of our indian culture and traditional.
We created countries, boundaries,religions,cast,race for a genuine reason or a false reasons for any reason.But this the time to realize that we are one and naturally interconnected with each other which we can just realize by watching inhale and exhale of our breaths the source is same without any discrimination of religion and boundaries, equally for all living life of universe .When we understand this simple thing then we must understand how our and other's life is equally important, valuable ,respectable .
We should follow the nature's rule ,non violence .peace ,god has given us a human life not for destruction but to look after the wellbeing of all living life.
I shall be happy if we could be a friend.
At 2:27am on March 6, 2010, UMO ISUA IKOH said…
Hi Cristina Camacho,
How is your life? i am umo isua-ikoh a Development worker from Nigeria.An Environmentalist living in Calabar ,South-South region of Nigeria.I Will like us to establish a good communication link.My phone number is to hear from you soon. Umo.
At 9:38am on October 31, 2009, Sohail Mahmood said…
hello cristina
nice meeting u here
At 2:17am on March 17, 2009, Rob Schrama said…
Dear friend,

On March 21st 2009 a World Wide Hug Party will take place in clubs and galleries all over the world. We invite every city, village or town to join this initiative. Will you organise a World Wide Hug Party in your hometown?

We are all part of the collective consciousness, in which everything is connected with the universal energy. We are able to heal our planet and unite everybody in peace and tolerance. So let us demonstrate our unity, let us show our fellow-human beings that we all are One, no matter what kind of religion, race or culture we represent. We are able to love and respect each other.

In the evening of March 21st in Oceania, New Zealand and Australia people will start the Hug which will go around the world in 24 hours, the biggest chain of peace that you can imagine.

The idea is as simple as it is effective: just hug! When we hug each other we open our heart and we can feel the loving energy pounding between us. When we open our heart we unite our energy.

Be part of this event!
Be a witness of this event!

All the events will be broadcasted through the internet, to watch, to be watched, to hug and to be hugged.

On the website you get information about how to organise your own World Wide Hug Party, how to add your video stream on internet and how you can watch the other events all over the world.

Go to:

Rob Schrama:

Send this email to all your friends, so as many people as possible will attend this event!!!
At 9:59pm on December 29, 2008, samuel orovwuje said…
Its nice reading your profile and i look forward to exchanging ideas with you in the network particularly on Economic Diplomacy in the face of the global financial mess.
At 12:51am on October 18, 2008, Mohamed Ali Baba said…
i believe that development & conflict resolution are tools to build peace . what you say?
At 12:24am on October 7, 2008, Rene Wadlow said…
Dear Friend, I thought you might be interested in this article on peace teams which have been used in Colombia and Central America. Best wishes, Rene Wadlow

Non-Violent Peace Brigades: How Fast Can We Move?
Written by René Wadlow
Tuesday, 30 September 2008

I envision an international ideal of service awakening in an emerging class of people who are best called evolutionaries. I see them as soldiers, as youth, and as those who have soldier spirit within them. I see them come together in the name of people and planet to create a new environment of support for the positive growth of humankind and the living earth mother. Their mission is to protect the possible and to nurture the potential. They are the evolutionary guardians who focus their loving protection and affirm their allegiance to people and planet for their own good and for the good of those they serve. They are pioneers, not palace guards. - Jim Channon, First Earth Battalion

The United Nations General Assembly has designated October 2 as the International Day of Nonviolence. October 2 is the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. For Gandhi, non-violence was at the center of his philosophy and actions. Thus it is appropriate to mark the day with an analysis of one aspect of non-violent action: the role of peace teams as observers in conflict situations.

The armed conflict between Georgia and Russia over South Ossetia and Abkhazia starting on August 8 as most people were watching the start of the Olympic games is a test case in real time of how fast governments can negotiate a ceasefire, a freeze on military activity and the deployment of external observers on the frontiers of Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The full team of European Union (EU) observers, some 300 persons, is to be in place by October 1. As France has the presidency of the EU until the end of 2008, the French government had its team of 30 observers on the ground by 25 September, waiting for the full contingent of EU observers. The observers, while unarmed, are from military and internal security units.

During the first weeks of the conflict, there were only Russian peacekeepers. The Russian peacekeepers have been there since 1994 when an agreement was signed in Geneva among Georgia, Abkhazia, Russia, and the UN. The UN was to mediate in the Georgia-Abkhazia conflict and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) the Georgia-South Ossetia conflict. The Commonwealth of Independent States was to provide peacekeepers – basically observers. The CIS states were quickly reduced to only Russia. There are no reports that the Russian peacekeepers tried to prevent the fighting between Georgian and Russian troops or between the Georgian and South Ossetia militias. The degree of government control over these militias cannot be known.

The violence has led to a refugee flow from South Ossetia and Abkhazia, mostly of ethnic Georgians. The current refugees join some 200,000 Georgian refugees, mostly from Abkhazia, due to the 18 months of fighting during 1992-1994. Most of the ethnic Georgian refugees have not been permanently resettled in Georgia and continue to live in unstable conditions. It is unlikely that, after the current flair up of violence, there will be any massive return of refugees.

The EU observers are from the military. I do not have access to the resumes of the observers to know how many have served in other countries, in UN missions or received special training in unarmed observation. As we mark the International Day of Nonviolence, it is appropriate to ask could non-violent peace teams have reached the Georgia-Abkhazia and Georgia – South Ossetia frontiers faster had they been called upon by the EU or the UN to do so? We can also try to look at why governments still turn to their armed forces to provide observers in conflict areas.

There have been a good number of efforts to create non-violent teams which could work internationally somewhat on the model that Mahatma Gandhi and his followers developed in India, the Shanti Sena, to work primarily in local communal tensions.(1) One of the first and most ambitious was the proposed "Peace Army" to be a ‘living wall’ between the advancing Japanese Army and the Chinese defenders of Shanghai in 1932. The effort, based in the UK, was offered to the League of Nations, but since the League was not planning to get involved, nothing came of the effort. Japan continued its conquest.

A second opportunity to show the effectiveness of non-violent inter-positioning came in August 1981 with the newly created US-Canada-based Peace Brigades International (PBI). In August 1981, there was a fear that US troop maneuvers in Honduras on the frontier with Nicaragua would be a prelude for a US or a US-aided attack on the Sandinista government of Nicaragua. PBI was able to draw upon an already existing team of people in southern California, some of whom were trained in radio transmission. The team had already trained together and built up a ‘team spirit’. The team was able top move out quickly. Negotiations with diplomats from Nicaragua and Honduras were carried out at the UN in New York as part of the PBI secretariat was in Philadelphia, in easy reach of New York. After the US-Hondourous maneuvers finished, the fear of a real invasion ended, and the PBI team was withdrawn. (2)

One never knows if there were serious US plans for an attack or if support for the Contras was all that was envisaged. This experience showed the need for having an existing trained team and for good contacts with ambassadors at the UN. Given the crucial importance of close contacts with the UN, I was asked to represent PBI at the UN in Geneva, which I did from 1982 until about 1996 when there were changes in the functioning of the PBI secretariat. For reasons I do not know, after the one experience on the Nicaragua-Honduras frontier, there was no further use made of the team from southern California. PBI recruitment was done on an individual basis. Teams were constituted when individuals arrived in the country of action. The PBI activity became centered on individual protective accompaniment of local human rights activists living under threat of abduction or assassination in Guatemala. (3)

During the 1980s, the Ambassador of Nicaragua to the UN in Geneva was one of my former students who kept me well informed about Central American politics. We had discussions on the possibility of non-violent defense against the Contras. While there was interest on the part of the Nicaraguan government, nothing was really put into place.

There were two situations with which I was deeply involved in discussions with UN officials: the large-scale refugee flow of Muslim Burmese to Bangladesh with the danger of a Burmese Army attack on the refugees, and the transport of relief supplies during the wars in ex-Yugoslavia. In both cases, several hundred people would have been necessary with only two weeks notice. PBI was not equipped to raise that number of people in that length of time.

Since the 1981 creation of PBI, a number of other organizations have joined the ranks of non-violent peace teams, some with hopes of building a large reserve of well-trained team members able to go into conflict areas as peacemakers and actively use and share their conflict resolution and peacemaking skills. There has also been a growth in mediation and conflict resolution efforts, both in academic programs and in non-governmental organizations (NGOs). However, as we see in the Georgia conflict, ‘when the chips are down’, governments turn to other governments, not to NGOs.

The confidence of governments only in other governments should come as no surprise. The world is still organized around the role of states, and both the diplomatic services and the military are trained to be state-centric. There is no non-governmental peacemaking organization that springs to the mind of a government official in a crisis situation, with the possible exception of the International Committee of the Red Cross which is bound to governments by treaties which set out its rights and responsibilities.

As Brian Urquhart, for many years the chief political officer in the United Nations, has written "Peacekeeping depends on the non-use of force and on political symbolism". The Red Cross is one of the most universally recognized political symbols. Even those who do not respect the Geneva Conventions know they are not supposed to shoot people with a Red Cross flag. Only the UN flag has such wide recognition as a non-state symbol.

The second weakness of non-governmental peacekeeping is the lack of availability of people on short notice. While there are an increasing number of people who have studied in conflict resolution courses or have participated in efforts in the field, most have jobs, families etc. and cannot drop everything to live on the Georgia-South Ossetia frontier for three months. The military are sitting around waiting for something to do. The only civilian equivalents are monks. I had once thought that it might be possible to re-create the ‘fighting monks’ of Japanese history. I saw teams of Christian, Buddhist, and Hindu monks all trained and ready to be deployed. For a while in the 1980s when there were a good number of communes, I thought about ‘New Age monks’ that could play the same role. But I must not have been convincing enough.

The third weakness is related to the other two. The people on the ground who are to be protected or at leased ‘observed’ know what the military are. They may not like soldiers, but they have seen them before. Non-violent peacekeepers without a recognizable symbol or uniform are unknowns and there is little time to explain.

Non-violence is still more potential than reality. On the International Day of Nonviolence, we have to consider the road not yet travelled.


Rene Wadlow, Representative to the United Nations, Geneva, Association of World Citizens and editor of the on-line journal of world politics and culture:


1. Thomas Weber.Gandhi's Peace Army: The Shanti Sena and Unarmed Peacekeeping, (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996, 293pp.)

2. For an account see: Daniel Clark Transnational Action for Peace Transnational Perspectives Vol 9, N°4, 1983

3. For a full analysis see: Liam Mahony and Luis Enrique Eguren Unarmed Bodyguards: International Accompaniment for the Protection of Human Right, (West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press, 1997, 288pp.)
At 2:01pm on June 4, 2008, Muhamamd Moosa Rind said…
Dear Cristina,
how r u?
i have read your profile its intresting i am Sindhi Language writer and writing in my country Sindhi Languges daily/weekly/fortnightly/monthly research and news papers as well as social and media ctivist. however, what is your life vision,

Muhammad Moosa Rind
At 8:17am on May 19, 2008, Prakash Rawat said…
Its my pleasure to see you in this site. wish you will be my knowledge sharing fren.
E-mail -
At 10:05am on May 8, 2008, Bobichand Rajkumar said…
Dear Cristina,
Nice to meet you in this network of people who are working towards conflict resolution, peacebuilding and development! As you have expertise and experience in many areas, I hope that I also could learn a lot from you. And we could help each other by sharing and exchanging information, insights and learning.
I look forward to hearing from you.

Warm regards,
At 8:43pm on December 21, 2007, Waheed Ahmad said…
Dear Friend,

May I have this opportunity to extend our heartfelt Greetings and Best wishes on the occasion of EID, Merry Christmas and HAPPY NEW YEAR 2008. May the New Year brings global peace, prosperity, happiness with most eventful occasions to celebrate together. And may the Year 2008 also pave the way to bring complete solution of the World crisis.

I wish for World Peace

I wish for health and prosperity for all human kind

I wish for our nature to recover

I wish you a Happy Eid, Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

Waheed Ahmad Ch
Advocate High Court
Member Human Rights committee Lahore High Court Bar Associations
Address: 2/136- A Aman Park Baghbanpura Lahore, Pakistan
Ph# 0092-300-4254329
E.mail :
At 7:29pm on November 26, 2007, James said…
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At 6:10am on October 7, 2007, Waheed Ahmad said…
Dear Colleague,

I take this opportunity to bring to your notice that I, Waheed Ahmad Advocate High Court Lahore and a Member of Executive committee of The Lahore High Court Bar Association and Member human rights committee of Lahore Bar Association.(2003-06)

I have the opportunity to represent Pakistan at various International Forums in different countries,

I worked as a Project Lawyer (May, 2006- August 2007) British Pakistan Law Council Project Advocate Foundation (Free Legal Aid to Children in detention) Jail Visits, Juveniles’ Family coordination, Juveniles’ counseling, Representing Children in Courts Coordinating with C.P.W.B, & Social Welfare, WD and BM Department.

I have been dealing with cases of discrimination, stigmatization, and social/ professional injustices with different people including recently of HIV positive people. Because In Our Society They are considered very evil and Bad persons , because people do have one notion in their mind i.e. Sexual relationship , I have been trying to change their attitude. In Stead of Facing our hatred, They must be provided equal Opportunities in all Walks of Life.

I have Conducted lectures in Madrassas ( Islamic Religious School ) regarding HIV/AIDS, laws; occupational health and safety and protection of their fundamental rights.

I also worked for World Bank Group (International Finance Corporation) their assignment have been completed by me successfully, which has earned me great appreciation from the World Bank Group.

I offer my services to work for any Human Rights and Peace organization as a Consultant/ Representative for monitoring/ Project Assessment of their projects in Pakistan or any part of the World and providing Legal Assistance.

If I am given the opportunity of joining you, I assure you that I will leave no stone unturned in working according to your manifesto. I will ever be ready to help and assist the needy and helpless, whenever I see the people in dire need of any assistance, my heart really aches and prompts me to go at once to stand by them.

I am sure that our mutual corporation would help us in the betterment of our mutual clients.

I ensure you of my utmost co-operation in the matter

Yours Sincerely,

Waheed Ahmad
Advocate High Court
Address: 2/136- A Aman Park baghbanpura
Lahore, Pakistan
Cell# +92-300-4254329
Fax# 0092-42-6844293
Email :
At 4:47am on July 9, 2007, Nora Femenia said…
Hi Cristina,
I'm glad to see you here...I have taught in Guayaquil and Quito several courses of the "Diplomado en Resolucion de Conflictos," at Santa Maria University. Wonderful students, so ready to learn! I want to learn more about your work in human trafficking. Best of luck in DC.
At 11:54pm on June 19, 2007, Cristina Camacho said…
Hi Cassandra! Of course I will love to share with you my experience in Latin America. Tomorrow there's a luncheon at the Protection Project, to present the TIP report. It will be an interesting opportunity to meet government representatives that are working this issue in DC
At 9:35pm on June 19, 2007, Cassandra Clifford said…
Hi Cristina,

I saw your comment on human trafficking and I would love to hear more about this work, regarding children. If you have any additional resources you could send me that would be great.
At 4:43pm on June 19, 2007, Cristina Camacho said…
Hi Linda,
Yes, the Embassy coordinated several actions towards the enactment of Ecuador's National Plan to Combat Human Trafficking. I also worked to integrate Ecuador to the IADB's regional awareness campaign "Call and Live" with the Ricky Martin Foundation. Recently, I invited to Ecuador, the K-11 Project Director, Guy Jacobson to present the premiere of his film Holly (featuring some Hollywood stars). I have been working on this issue for over three years, particularly the application of policies and the development of programs with the support of USAID and IOM.
At 2:17pm on June 19, 2007, Linda M. Johnston said…
You are doing very interesting work! Do you get involved with human trafficking issues at all?

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