I decided to start a new type of post on a Peace of Conflict reviewing conflict situations in the world on a somewhat weekly basis. I figured, I read this stuff every week anyway-- I might as well share it with readers in condensed form.
Here's some of what's happening in the world of conflict this week:
- The UN General Assembly voted to recognize the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation in a landmark victory with 122 "for", 0 "against", and 41 countries abstaining from the vote. How they will work to guarantee this right is yet to be seen.
- The Convention on Cluster Munitions, which completely prohibits the use, production and trade of cluster munitions, is to become binding in international law as of August 1, 2010. So far 107 governments have signed the convention, with only 37 ratifying. The law calls for all cluster munitions to be cleared
within ten years, all stockpiles to be destroyed within eight years and assistance and compensation given to those affected. Brazil, China,India, Israel, Pakistan, South Korea, Russia, and the United States have yet to adopt the convention.
- A bomb explosion in a Ukrainian church killed one person and injured 8 others. Officials are so far keeping quiet on suspected responsibility for the bomb as they investigate.
- Germany has charged a suspected former Nazi guard with helping to murder 430,000 Jews at a death camp in Poland during WWII. The 90 year old will also testify against suspected Nazi death camp
guard John Demjanjuk. Samuel Kunz denies all charges and of ever working as a prison guard for the Nazis.
- A Russian police officer, tired of the constant corruption within the policing system, appealed to Putin for action via YouTube only to be immediately fired, arrested and charged last November. He recently gave
the New York Times a tour of some luxury homes of top ranking police officers as he now regularly speaks out about the corruption within the force.
- Shootouts in Russia's Dagestan resulted in the death of at least five people, including a village head and a policeman.
- Serbia asked the UN on Wednesday to review the independence of Kosovo, following last week's World Court ruling that the 2008 secession from Serbia did not violate international law. A Serbian ex-policeman was indicted for crimes against civilians, including children, committed in Sarajevo during the 1992-5 war.
- 20,000 grenades were destroyed in Burundi by the Mines Advisory Group in an effort to reduce armed violence. Grenades are a popular choice for violence in the country involving nearly 22% of all armed violence registered in the country in 2008.
- Fighting continued in Somalia with reports of at least 17 civilians being killed in fighting between the Somali government and al-Shabab fighters in Mogadishu, 13 militia killed in clashes in Puntland and thousands displaced. The UN welcomed the African Union's decision to send 2,000 more peacekeeping troops into the country.
- Former Congolese rebel leader Thomas Lubanga, the first person to be tried by the International Criminal Court will remain in jail after proceedings were suspended on July 15th. Lubanga is accused of enlisting and conscripting children under the age of 15 to his Union of Congolese Patriots. Calls for his release, after the prosecutor failed to comply with an order to turn over information to the defense were denied.
- Mali is up in arms about the recent French-backed Mauritanian raid of an al-Qaeda base within their country, calling it an "unannounced declaration of war".
- Sudan's army was accused of killing at least two civilians during a raid on a refugee camp on Wednesday and burning some of the camps full of internally displaced persons.
Central and South America