According to official reports, there are 8 deaths per day in Yemen because of the early marriage and early pregnancy with the absence of the necessary health requirements. According to a report issued by the International Center for the Study 2012, the Yemen came in ranked 13th among the 20 countries classified as the worst minors of marriage, where the percentage of girls who marry under the age of eighteen is 48.4 %
The reasons for early marriage in Yemen lies in the following: the economic situation of the family and the level of poverty, Most of Yemeni families consider the early marriage as warranty and maintenance for the family honor, less of education is one of the reasons for early marriage and the desire to increase the members of the family. Some researchers Indicates that customs and traditions are the most important reason of early marriage.
Early marriage made the Yemeni society facing a lot of social problems .Yemen is located in the Arabian Peninsula; one of the world's poorest countries is characterized by its tribal population composition and the early marriage in a wide scale.
Phenomenon of early marriage in Yemen is not the result of recent years, but has become one of the biggest social files by many of the issues witnessed by the Yemeni courts.
One of the most popular stories in Yemen, the issue of Nujood Mohammed Ali, the daughter of the eight years that got a divorce after standing in the court against her father, who forced her to marry a man older than her by 20 years. The issue of Nujoud pushed civilian organizations and some women's movements, to urge Parliament to pass a law sets the age of marriage at 17 years. Despite the approval of most of the members of Parliament in February 11, most of the families simply don’t care for such law. Recently, another story of Nada al-Ahdal, an 11-year-old, who escaped from an early arranged marriage, put the Yemeni government in a huge pressure after publishing a viral YouTube video for Nada her self-speaking about why she ran away from home to escape a forced marriage.
So, what can the Yemeni government do!
From my point view the Yemeni government must ensure that children are registered at birth. Without this, they can't prove their legal age, or claim protection under any legislation that specifying a minimum age for marriage.
Supporting the youth-led groups to raise awareness about children's rights, including the right not to be forced into marriage at an early age.
Supporting children's action groups that work with community volunteers, legal systems, women's groups, community-based organizations and local government to promote the rights of children and women's groups, community-based organizations and local government to promote the rights of children