We know that conflict and violence affects all people, but not in the same way. Men and women can be perpetrators and victims; but, often they play different roles and have different needs before, during and after a conflict.
The differences in gender roles and responsibilities means that in order to be effective we have to target certain activities to particular individuals/groups, as well as “mainstream” a gender lens into all our programs. At the most basic level this means designing gender sensitive programming, and while this includes gender disaggregated indicator data, it is also much more.
Conflict analysis is a well-established best practice in peacebuilding (perhaps increasingly so in development work as well) project design. It’s hard to imagine any project being funded without some form of analysis being demonstrated on paper—of course another issue is whether or not it is primary or secondary data, but another issue for another time.
You might consider including the following points on gender in your context and/or conflict analysis:
The Australian Agency for International Development created an excellent guidance note on gender in peacebuilding programming. They suggest the following 10 tips for gender equality in peacebuilding programming:
Of course there are also gender considerations for implementation, monitoring and data collection, and evaluation. There’s a whole range of resources that cover gender in all aspects of the project cycle. Consider consulting the following resources.
Gender Guidelines: Peace-Building by the Australian Agency for International Development
Gender Mainstreaming Strategies in Decent Work Promotion: Programming Tools: GEMS Toolkit by the International Labour Organization
Gender Analysis Tools by the Canadian International Development Agency
Guide to Gender Sensitive Indicators by the Canadian International Development Agency
Presentation 4 in this American Evaluation Association Conference 2010 presentation by CARE on indicators for women’s empowerment disaggregated by type of human agency.
Designing for Results: Integrating Monitoring & Evaluation in Conflict Transformation Activities, Chapter 4, by Cheyanne Church and Mark Rogers
Jonathan White is the Content Manager of the Learning Portal for DM&E for Peacebuilding at Search for Common Ground. Views expressed herein do not represent SFCG, the Learning Portal or its partners or affiliates.
 AusAID, “Gender Guidelines: Peace-Building,” p.5, 2006.