UN peace operations are deployed in immediate post-war environments to help maintain peace and security. More and more, they are also tasked to protect civilian populations affected and traumatized by armed conflict, in particular women and children. In this context, the prevention of sexual violence, sexual exploitation and abuses remain one of the greatest challenges. Sexual violence, exploitation and abuses, in conflict and post-conflict countries, reflect a variety of failures and omissions attributable to a range of responsible actors and institutions. First and foremost, they represent a failure to uphold basic rights to protection.