I am seeking feedback regarding my theory of warfare "Identicide". My working paper is at and I am currently writing a book on the topic with Dr. Brian Osborne. 


Comments and feedback would be most helpful from interested scholars and practitioners, include those specializing in genocide, cultural/human geography, and other related social science disciplines,


Thank you very much for your assistance.



Tags: Dr. Sarah Jane Meharg, Peace and Conflict Planners, genocide, identicide,

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I'd like to read your working paper however the link you have provided does not seem to be working

Dr. Bowd,

Thanks for your interest. The link is working from my end. Perhaps Mozilla or Firefox are impeding your access? Let me know.


Dear Sarah Meharg,


This sounds veryinteresting. Yet, it reminds me of the discussion on cultural genocide. The term is used to describe the deliberate destruction of the cultural heritage of a people or nation for political or military reasons.

The protection of cultural property has a legal bases that is laid down in the following international treaties and customary international law:

-        the Hague Convention (1954)

-        the Second Protocol of the Hague Convention (1999)

-        Additional Protocols of the Geneva Convention (1977)

-        European Union Guidelines on promoting compliance with IHL (2005)

-        nato stanag 2449 LO – Training in the Law of Armed Forces (2003)

-        UN Secretary-General’s Bulletin: Observance by UN forces of IHL’ (1999)

But sofar I think the term cultural genocide has not been established.

It would be interesting to see where the differences lie. Perhaps it also refers to the discussion of Cultural Rights?

Rene Teijgeler - Culture in development


Kind regards

Rene, thank you so much for your insights. I agree and have written on these topics, too. I will be in touch with some additional thoughts in order to keep the discussion going.



Hi Dr Sarah,


I want to let you know that you theory is important to explain the Identity and warfare (the relationship of the two). Isn't it?


However, Sarah, I am a Rwandan who saw with my own eyes the beginning and the end of Rwanda Genocide and its aftermath. So I have a lot of thing to share as far as your research is concerned.

Sarah, I am happy you choose to research and write on this topic and I pledge to provide a help as much I can. I am mental health professional and I hold tough skills in Conflict analysis, Negotiation and conflict management, Modern Management and Administration and I currently I am doing Master's degree in International Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid. Please contact me at for providing me more details./





Raphael, thanks for your interest in this project. I will contact you directly for details.


Dear Sarah,

I read your interesting theory of warfare ''Identicide''. It is so so inspiring! There is,-to some extent, a close relationship between your theory and one of my pieces of art, The Spear (1), and research projects,''Transitional Justice and Statelessness in the Congo: The Case of the Banyarwanda Congolese Tutsi'' (1).

I am glad to let you know that your theory is VERY important because it can ''kill two birds with one stone''!

In other words, it can verify and support that ''Identicide'' is not only the precursor to genocide, but also to statelessness.

I would suggest you to look at this topic in a broad perspective so that it can have a huge impact around the world and make a very real difference in terms of preventing genocide and improving the quality of life for many millions of people around the world who are denied the exercise of their most basic human rights because they are not recognized as citizens of any country. 

Here is my email:

I would wish to stay in touch with you.

Kind regards,



(1) See Yves M.Musoni,''Transitional Justice and Statelessness in the Congo: The Case of the Banyarwanda Congolese Tutsi', (


Dear Yves - thank you for your inspiring letter. I will contact you directly, and also read your reference. I have been researching and publishing on the theory of identicide since 1998, and it is my experience that genocide studies scholars do not like the concept - they feel that the genocide convention encompasses the ideas inherent in 'identicide'. From a practitioners perspective, it is my experience that they take on the concept of identicide fully - they KNOW that it occurs. And they have often been personally affected by identicide. 


Identicide will become the 'word of the people' in that marginalized and targeted groups will use the concept to describe what is happening to them. The Genocide Convention does not allow for this as genocide has to have occurred before the term can be used, otherwise, the events are called 'possible genocide' or 'potential genocide' - these are not really useful terms to the people being persecuted, are they? Frankly, they are not useful terms for scholars to use, either -they are wooley at best!


Identicide is clear and precise, and can be used to describe a broad range of intentional destruction meted out against places of meaning.


Let's connect on this some more.

Thank you for your feedback. Your last paragraph is powerful. I agree with you. Yves
Sara, I am extremely interested in reading your essay. I am Carl Wilkens Fellow ( 2011) with the Genocide INtervention Network focusing on advocacy and political will  for genocide prevention.  Would you be interested in my sending your paper to the 17 other Fellows to read? They each come from different backgrounds, educators, NGO's, law etc. This may be helpful as well. I will be reading it shortly as well.   Cynthia


Thank you for your suggestion, and I look forward to receiving your feedback. I will send you a PDF version of the paper with a coverpage that describes the application of the theory of identicide. This would be the best document to send to your network of fellows. Thank you so much for your willingness to send it to the fellows. Because my paper is interdisciplinary in nature, the various backgrounds and interests of the fellows within the Genocide Intervention Network would offer a broad spectrum of insights.

Thanks again,


Cynthia - i am having trouble uploading the file to the PCDN for you to share with your colleagues. Is there another way to provide you with the PDF. Perhaps I should email it to you.

Let me know.



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